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Columbian Lodge A.F. & A.M.

Located in Boston, MA - Instituted in 1795 by Paul Revere.

James Lawrence Kearney Commodore of the U.S. Navy

James Lawrence Kearney (November 30, 1789- November 29,1868) - was Commodore of the U.S. Navy, who was instrumental in opening up China to U.S. trade in 1844. Born Nov. 30, 1789 in Perth Amboy, N.J. Entered Navy as a midshipman in 1807, serving on the ships Constitution, President, and Enterprise. In the War of 1812 he was assigned to the coastal defense of South Carolina and adjacent states. He later distinguished himself in the West Indies and gulf coast waters, against pirates. Placed in command of the Warren in 1826, he broke up a stronghold of Greek pirates and captured several of their vessels. Made captain on return to U.S. in 1832, and given command of the Potomac. In 1841 he commanded the East India squadron and was active in the suppression of opium smuggling, and secured the rights of American merchants in China. Learning of an impending commercial treaty between the Chinese and England, he demanded the same for the U.S., and as a result such a treaty was ratified, July 1845. In 1843 he stopped at the Hawaiian Islands and there protested against the treaty then in progress to transfer those islands to the British. He was made commodore on the retired list in April, 1867. Kearny was raised in Columbian Lodge, Boston, Mass. on July 12, 1815. - Source: William R. Denslow